Skip to Main Content
Data & Analysis

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

June 10, 2021

The Non-Employment Index was 8.7 percent in May 2021, declining from April 2021. The index was 5.6 percentage points lower compared to May 2020.

Careers at the Fed


Our Careers

Latest Jobs

Take a look at our most recent job postings! If you’re interested, create an account to apply online or check back regularly for new postings.


Video is temporarily unavailable.

Life at the Richmond Fed

While our work is serious, our workplace is more casual—from the way we dress to the activities we share. It’s a friendly, inclusive place to be.

You'll Love Our Benefits

Our approach is about enhancing work and life experiences. Think generous paid days off, a pension and retirement savings plan, wellness offerings, development opportunities and more.